Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR)
What is CPEIR?
The Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR) is a systematic qualitative and quantitative analysis of a country’s public expenditures and how they relate to climate change. CPEIR is an innovative tool that presents evidence on public expenditures across all ministries.
- The definition of climate change related expenditures is tailored for each country based on a consultative process that takes into account its national priorities.
- The CPEIR is an innovative methodology which in addition to the public expenditures of a country, also reviews its climate change plans and policies, institutional framework and public finance architecture in order to make recommendations to strengthen them.
How useful is CPEIR?
A CPEIR can be a useful tool for national planning and budgeting, especially in terms of identifying and tracking budget allocations that respond to climate change challenges.
Where has it been undertaken?
Since 2011, CPEIRs have been conducted in many countries in Asia-Pacific, including Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Samoa, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The analyses have been led by relevant government agencies, with technical assistance from UNDP as well as other development partners. Findings and recommendations have been followed through at country level, resulting in:
- Budget marking and tagging in Nepal and Indonesia
- Climate fiscal framework in Bangladesh
- Climate change financing framework at both national and sub-national levels in Cambodia
- Focused sectoral analyses, building on previous CPEIRs in Cambodia and Thailand
- CPEIRs and similar studies were also conducted in countries in Africa and Latin America.